1 NowMoses describes the wonderful order that God observes in performing his promise to Abraham; (Gen_15:14).these [are] the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.The Argument – After Jacob by God's commandment in (Gen_46:3) had brought his family into Egypt, where they remained for four hundred years, and from seventy people grew to an infinite number so that the king and the country endeavoured both by tyranny and cruel slavery to suppress them: the Lord according to his promise in (Gen_15:14) had compassion on his Church, and delivered them, but plagued their enemies in most strange and varied ways. The more the tyranny of the wicked raged against his Church, the more his heavy judgments increased against them, till Pharaoh and his army were drowned in the sea, which gave an entry and passage to the children of God. As the ingratitude of man is great, so they immediately forgot God's wonderful benefits and although he had given them the Passover as a sign and memorial of the same, yet they fell to distrust, and tempted God with various complaining and grudging against him and his ministers: sometimes out of ambition, sometimes lack of drink or meat to satisfy their lusts, sometimes idolatry, or such like. For this reason, God punished them with severe rods and plagues, that by his correction they might turn to him for help against his scourges, and earnestly repent for their rebellion and wickedness. Because God loves them to the end, whom he has once begun to love, he punished them not as they deserved, but dealt with them mercifully, and with new benefits laboured to overcome their malice: for he still governed them and gave them his word and Law, both concerning the way to serve him, and also the form of judgments and civil policy: with the intent that they would not serve God after as they pleased, but according to the order, that his heavenly wisdom had appointed.
2 Reuben, Simeon, Leui, and Iudah,
3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Beniamin,
4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
5 So al the soules, that came out of the loines of Iaakob, were seuentie soules: Ioseph was in Egypt already.
6 Nowe Ioseph died and all his brethren, and that whole generation.
7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and theHe means the country of Goshen.land was filled with them.
8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, whichHe did not consider how God had preserved Egypt for the sake of Joseph.knew not Joseph.
9 And he sayde vnto his people, Beholde, the people of the children of Israel are greater and mightier then we.
10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and [so]Into Canaan, and so we shall lose our conveniences.get them up out of the land.
11 Therefore did they set taskemasters ouer them, to keepe the vnder with burdens: and they built the cities Pithom and Raamses for the treasures of Pharaoh.
12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. AndThe more God blesses his own, the more the wicked envy them.they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
13 Wherefore the Egyptians by crueltie caused the children of Israel to serue.
14 Thus they made them weary of their liues by sore labour in clay & in bricke, & in al worke in the fielde, with all maner of bondage, which they layde vpon them most cruelly.
15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one [was]These seem to have been the main of the rest.Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:
16 And sayde, When ye doe the office of a midwife to the women of the Ebrewes, and see them on their stooles, if it be a sonne, then yee shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then let her liue.
17 Notwithstanding ye midwiues feared God, and did not as the King of Egypt commaunded them, but preserued aliue the men children.
18 Then the King of Egypt called for the midwiues, and sayde vnto them, Why haue yee done thus, and haue preserued aliue the men children?
19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the HebrewTheir disobedience in this was lawful, but their deception is evil.women [are] not as the Egyptian women; for they [are] lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.
20 God therefore prospered the midwiues, and the people multiplied and were very mightie.
21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that heThat is, God increased the families of the Israelites by their means.made them houses.
22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shallWhen tyrants cannot prevail by deceit, they burst into open rage.cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.