1 Wherefore,Having laid the foundation that is to say, declared and proved both the natures of one Christ, he gives him three offices, that is, the office of a Prophet, King and Priest, and concerning the office of teaching, and governing, compares him with Moses and Joshua from (Hebrews 3:1-4:14), and with Aaron concerning the priesthood. He proposes that which he intends to speak of, with a grave exhortation, that all our faith may be directed towards Christ, as the only everlasting teacher, governor, and High Priest.holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider theThe ambassador or messenger, as in (Rom_15:8) he is called the minister of circumcision.Apostle and High Priest of ourOf the doctrine of the gospel which we profess.profession, Christ Jesus;
2 He confirms his exhortation with two reasons, first of all because Christ Jesus was appointed as such by God: secondly, because he thoroughly executed the offices that his Father commanded him.Who was faithful to him thatApostle and High Priest.appointed him,Now he comes to the comparison with Moses, and he makes them like one another other in this, that they were both appointed rulers over God's house, and executed faithfully their office: but he later shows that there is great dissimilarity in the same comparison.as also Moses [was faithful] in all his house.
3 The first comparison: The builder of the house is better than the house itself, therefore Christ is better than Moses. The reason for the conclusion is this: because the builder of the house is God, which cannot be attributed to Moses; and therefore Moses was not the builder, but a part of the house: but Christ as Lord and God, made the house.For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.
4 For euery house is builded of some man, and he that hath built all things, is God.
5 AndAnother comparison: Moses was a faithful servant in this house, that is, in the Church, serving the Lord that was to come, but Christ rules and governs his house as Lord.Moses verily [was] faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;
6 But Christ as a son over his own house;He applies the former doctrine to his purpose, exhorting all men by the words of David to hear the Son speak, and to give full credit to his words, seeing that otherwise they cannot enter into that eternal rest.whoseThat is, Christ's.house are we, if we hold fast theHe calls confidence the excellent effect of faith (by which we cry Abba, that is, Father), and to confidence he adds hope.confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if yeSo that God was to speak once again after Moses.will hear his voice,
8 Harden not your hearts, as in theIn the day that they troubled the Lord, or struggled with him.provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
9 Where your fathers tempted me, prooued me, and sawe my workes fourtie yeeres long.
10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alwayThey are brutish and angry.err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
11 Therefore I sware in my wrath, If they shall enter into my rest.
12 Now consider in the words of David, he shows first by this word «today» that we must not ignore the opportunity while we have it: for that word is not to be limited to David's time, but it encompasses all the time in which God calls us.Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
13 But exhort one another daily,While today lasts, that is to say, so long as the gospel is offered to us.while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
14 Now he considers these words, «If you hear his voice» showing that they are spoken and meant of the hearing of faith, opposite which he places hardening through unbelief.For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold theThat beginning of trust and confidence: in the speech of the Hebrews, he calls «beginning» that which is chiefest.beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
15 So long as this voice sounds out.While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.
16 For some when they heard, prouoked him to anger: howbeit, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
17 But with whome was he displeased fourtie yeeres? Was hee not displeased with them that sinned, whose carkeises fell in the wildernes?
18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but vnto them that obeyed not?
19 So we see that they could not enter in, because of vnbeliefe.