1 Woe to them that decree unrighteous decrees, and thatWho write and pronounce a wicked sentence to oppress the people: meaning, that the wicked magistrate, who were the chief cause of mischief, would be first punished.write grievousness [which] they have prescribed;
2 To keepe backe ye poore from iudgement, and to take away the iudgement of the poore of my people, that widowes may be their pray, and that they may spoyle the fatherlesse.
3 And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation [which] shall come fromThat is, from Assyria.far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave yourYour riches and authority, that they may be safe and that you may receive them again.glory?
4 Because they have forsaken me, some will go into captivity and the rest will be slain.Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still.
5 OGod calls for the Assyrians to be the executioners of his vengeance.Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation.
6 I will sendThat is, the Assyrians against the Jews who are hypocrites. In the sixth and seventh verse is declared the difference of the work of God and of the wicked in one very thing and act: for God's intention is to chastise them for their amendment, and the Assyrians purpose is to destroy them to enrich themselves. Thus in respect to God's justice, it is God's work, but in respect to their own malice, it is the work of the devil.him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I command him, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
7 But he thinketh not so, neither doeth his heart esteeme it so: but he imagineth to destroy and to cut off not a fewe nations.
8 For he sayeth, Are not my princes altogether Kings?
9 [Is] not Calno asSeeing that I have overcome one city as well as another, so that none could resist, shall Jerusalem be able to escape my hands?Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus?
10 Like as mine hand hath founde the kingdomes of the idoles, seeing their idoles were aboue Ierusalem, and aboue Samaria:
11 Shall not I, as I haue done to Samaria, and to the idoles thereof, so doe to Ierusalem and to the idoles thereof?
12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, [that] when the Lord hath performedWhen he has sufficiently chastised his people (for he begins at his own house) then will he burn the rods.his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heartMeaning of Sennacherib.of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
13 Because he said, By ye power of mine owne hand haue I done it, and by my wisdome, because I am wise: therefore I haue remooued the borders of the people, and haue spoyled their treasures, and haue pulled downe the inhabitants like a valiant man.
14 And mine hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people, and as one gathereth egges that are left, so haue I gathered all the earth: and there was none to mooue the wing or to open the mouth, or to whisper.
15 Shall theHere we see that no creature is able to do anything, but as God appoints him, and that they are all his instruments to do his work though the intentions are diverse, as in (Isa_10:6).axe boast itself against him that heweth with it? [or] shall the saw magnify itself against him that moveth it? as if the rod should shake [itself] against them that lift it, [or] as if the staff should lift [itself, as if it were] no wood.
16 Therefore shall the Lorde God of hostes send amog his fat men, leannes, & vnder his glorie he shall kindle a burning, like the burning of fire.
17 And the light of Israel shall be for aMeaning that God is a light to comfort his people and a fire to burn his enemies.fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devourThat is, the Assyrians.his thorns and his briers in one day;
18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soulThat is, body and soul utterly.and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearerWhen the battle is lost and the standard taken.fainteth.
19 And the rest of the trees of his forest shalbe fewe, that a childe may tell them.
20 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the remnant of Israel, and such as have escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again lean upon him that smote them; but shallThis is the end of God's plagues toward his, to bring them to him, and to forsake all trust in others.lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
21 The remnant shall returne, euen the remnant of Iaakob vnto the mightie God.
22 For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, [yet] a remnant of them shall return: the full endThis small number which seemed to be consumed and yet according to God's decree is saved, will be sufficient to fill all the world with righteousness.decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
23 For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a full end, evenGod will destroy this land as he has determined and later save a small portion.determined, in the midst of all the land.
24 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner ofAs the Egyptians punished you.Egypt.
25 But yet a very litle time, and the wrath shall be consumed, and mine anger in their destruction.
26 And the LORD of hosts shall raise up a scourge for him according to the slaughter ofRead (Isa_9:4).Midian at the rock of Oreb: and [as] his rod [was] upon theWhen the Israelites passed through by the lifting up of Moses' rod, and the enemies were drowned, (Exo_14:28).sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
27 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because ofBecause of the promise made to that kingdom, by which Christ's kingdom was prefigured.the anointing.
28 He is come toHe describes by what way the Assyrians would come against Jerusalem, to confirm the faithful, when it would come to pass, that as their plague was come, so should they be delivered.Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath attended to his carriages:
29 They haue gone ouer the foorde: they lodged in the lodging at Geba: Ramah is afraide: Gibeah of Saul is fled away.
30 Lift vp thy voyce, O daughter Gallim, cause Laish to heare, O poore Anathoth.
31 Madmenah is remoued: the inhabitants of Gebim haue gathered themselues together.
32 Yet there is a time that he will stay at Nob: he shall lift vp his hand towarde the mount of the daughter Zion, the hill of Ierusalem.
33 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop theFear and destruction will come on Judah for the princes and the people will all be led away captive.bough with terror: and the high ones of stature [shall be] hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.
34 And he shall cut away the thicke places of the forest with yron, and Lebanon shall haue a mightie fall.