1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the rodBecause they trusted in their abundance and prosperity he shows that they should be taken from them.and the staff, the whole support of bread, and the whole support of water,
2 The mighty man, and the man of war,The temporal governor and the minister.the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
3 The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the skilful craftsman, and theBy these he means that God would take away everything that was of any value, and which they had any opportunity to want in themselves.eloquent orator.
4 And I will giveNot only in age: but in manners, knowledge and strength.children [to be] their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
5 And the people shall beFor lack of good regiment and order.oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the elder, and the base against the honourable.
6 When a man shallHe shows that this plague will be so horrible that contrary to the common manner of men, who by nature are ambitious, no one will be found able or willing to be their governor.take hold of his brother of the house of his father, [saying], Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and [let] this ruin [be] under thy hand:
7 In that day shall heFear will cause him to forswear himself, rather than to take such a dangerous charge upon himself.swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house [is] neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.
8 Doubtlesse Ierusalem is fallen, and Iudah is fallen downe, because their tongue & workes are against the Lord, to prouoke the eyes of his glory.
9 TheWhen God examines their deed on which they now set an impudent face, he will find the mark of their impiety in their forehead.show of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide [it] not. Woe to their soul! for they have rewarded evil to themselves.
10 You that are godly be assured that God will defend you in the midst of these troubles.Say ye to the righteous, that [it shall be] well [with him]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
11 Woe be to the wicked, it shalbe euill with him: for the reward of his handes shalbe giuen him.
12 [As for] my people,Because the wicked people were more addicted to their princes than to the commandments of God, he shows that he would give them such princes, by whom they would have no help, but that they would be manifest tokens of his wrath, because they would be fools and effeminate.children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they who lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
13 The Lorde standeth vp to pleade, yea, hee standeth to iudge the people.
14 The LORD will enter into judgment with theMeaning that the rulers and governors had destroyed his Church and not preserved it, according to their duty.elders of his people, and with their princes: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor [is] in your houses.
15 What mean ye [that] ye beat my people to pieces,That is, you show all cruelty against them.and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
16 Moreover the LORD saith,He means the people because of the arrogancy and pride of their women who gave themselves to all wantonness and dissolution.Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk withWhich declared their pride.extended necks andAs a sign that they were not chaste.wanton eyes, walking andWhich showed their wantonness.mincing [as] they go, and making aThey delighted then in slippers that creaked or had little plates sewn on them which tinkled as they went.tinkling with their feet:
17 Therefore shall the Lord make the heades of the daughters of Zion balde, and the Lord shall discouer their secrete partes.
18 In that day shall the Lorde take away the ornament of the slippers, and the calles, and the round tyres,
19 The sweete balles, and the brasselets, and the bonnets,
20 The tyres of the head, and the sloppes, and the head bandes, and the tablets, and the earings,
21 The rings and the mufflers,
22 The costly apparell and the vailes, and the wimples, and the crisping pinnes,
23 The mirrors, and the fine linen, and the turbans, and theIn rehearsing all these things particularly he shows the lightness and vanity of such as cannot be content with comely apparel according to their degree.veils.
24 And in steade of sweete sauour, there shall be stinke, and in steade of a girdle, a rent, and in steade of dressing of the heare, baldnesse, and in steade of a stomacher, a girding of sackecloth, and burning in steade of beautie.
25 Thy men shall fall by theMeaning that God will not only punish the women but their husbands who have permitted this dissoluteness and also the commonwealth which has not remedied it.sword, and thy mighty in the war.
26 Then shall her gates mourne and lament, and she, being desolate, shall sit vpon the ground.