1 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, toTo assure the Jews of their deliverance against the great temptations that they would abide, he names the person and the means.Cyrus, whoseBecause Cyrus would execute the office of a deliverer, God called him his anointed for a time, but after another sort than he called David.right hand I have held, toTo guide him in the deliverance of my people.subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
2 I will go before thee, and make theI will take away all impediments and hindrances.crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut asunder the bars of iron:
3 And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayestNot that Cyrus knew God to worship him correctly, but he had a certain particular knowledge as profane men may have of his power, and so was compelled to deliver God's people.know that I, the LORD, who call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God of Israel.
4 For Jacob my servant'sNot for anything that is in you, or for your worthiness.sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
5 I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God besides me: II have given you strength, power and authority.girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
6 That they may knowe from the rising of the sunne and from the West, that there is none besides me. I am the Lord, and there is none other.
7 I form theI send peace and war, prosperity and adversity, as in (Amo_3:6).light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these [things].
8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour downHe comforts the Jews as if he would say, «Though when you look to the heavens and earth for comfort you see nothing now but signs of God's wrath, yet will cause them to bring forth certain tokens of your deliverance, and of the performance of my promise»: which is meant by righteousness.righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD haveI have appointed Cyrus to this use and purpose.created it.
9 By this he bridles their impatience, who in adversity and trouble murmur against God, and will not tarry his pleasure: willing that man would match with his like, and not contend against God.Woe to him that contendeth with his Maker! [Let] the potsherd [contend] with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work,That is, it is not perfectly made.He hath no hands?
10 Woe vnto him that sayeth to his father, What hast thou begotten? or to his mother, What hast thou brought foorth?
11 Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask meInstead of murmuring, humble yourselves and ask what you will for the consolation of my children, and you will be sure of it as you are of these things which are at your command. Some read it with an interrogation, and make it the application of the comparison.of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.
12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, [even] my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all theirThat is, the stars.host have I commanded.
13 I have raisedThat is, Cyrus, that I may show by him the faithfulness of my promise in delivering my people.him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not forMeaning, freely and without ransom, or any grievous condition.price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
14 Thus saith the LORD, The labourThese people were tributaries to the Persians, and so king Artahshashte gave this money toward the building of the temple, (Ezr_7:27).of Egypt, and merchandise of Cush and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to thee, and they shall beWhile they were your enemies, they will now honour you and you will rule them: which was accomplished in the time of Christ.thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down to thee, they shall make supplication to thee, [saying], Surely God [is] in thee; and [there is] none else, [there is] no God.
15 Verily thou [art] a God thatBy this he exhorts the Jews to patience, though their deliverance is deferred for a time: showing that they would not repent their long patience, but the wicked and idolaters will be destroyed.hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
16 All they shalbe ashamed and also confounded: they shall goe to confusion together, that are the makers of images.
17 But Israel shall be saued in the Lorde, with an euerlasting saluation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded worlde without ende.
18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to beThat is, of men, but chiefly of his Church.inhabited: I [am] the LORD; and [there is] none else.
19 I have not spoken in secret,As do the false gods, who give uncertain answers.in a dark place of the earth: I have not said to the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together,All you idolaters who though you seem to have worldly dignity yet in God's sight you are vile and abject.ye [that have] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray to a god [that] cannot save.
21 Tell ye and bring them, and let them take counsell together, who hath declared this from the beginning? or hath tolde it of olde? Haue not I the Lord? and there is none other God beside me, a iust God, and a Sauiour: there is none beside me.
22 Look to me, and be ye saved, allHe calls the idolaters to repentance, willing them to look on him with the eye of faith.the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in]That is, that the thing which I have promise will be faithfully performed.righteousness, and shall not return, That to me everyThe knowledge of God and the true worshipping will be through all the world, (Rom_14:11; Phi_2:10) by which he signifies that we must not only serve God in heart, but declare the same also by outward profession.knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
24 Surely,Meaning the faithful will feel and confess this.shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him shall [men] come; and all that areAll the contemners of God.incensed against him shall be ashamed.
25 The whole seede of Israel shall be iustified, and glorie in the Lord.