1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who areHe detects their hypocrisy who claimed to be Israelites, but were not so.called by the name of Israel, and have come forth out ofMeaning, the fountain and stock.the waters of Judah, who swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, [but] not in truth, nor in righteousness.
2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselvesThey make a show, as though they would have no other God.upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts [is] his name.
3 I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth from my mouth, and I showedHe shows that they could not accuse him in anything, as he had performed whatever he had promised.them; I did [them] suddenly, and they came to pass.
4 Because I knew thatI have done for you more than I promised, that your stubbornness and impudency might have been overcome.thou [art] obstinate, and thy neck [is] an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
5 I have even from the beginning declared [it] to thee; before it came to pass I showedHow you should be delivered out of Babylon.[it] thee: lest thou shouldest say, My idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
6 Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not yeWill you not acknowledge my blessing, and declare it to others?declare [it]? I have showed ye new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, IShowing that man's arrogancy is the reason God does not declare all things at once, lest they should attribute this knowledge to their own wisdom.knew them.
8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time [that] thy ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from theFrom the time that I brought you of Egypt: for that deliverance was as the birth of the Church.womb.
9 For my name's sake will I defer my anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee,As it was my free mercy that I chose you: so it is my free mercy that must save you.that I cut thee not off.
10 Behold, I have refined thee, butFor I had respect to your weakness and infirmity: for in silver there is some pureness, but in us there is nothing but dross.not with silver; I haveI took you out of the furnace where you would have been consumed.chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, [even] for my own sake, will I do [it]: for how should [my name]God joins the salvation of his with his own honour: so that they cannot perish, but his glory would be diminished, as in (Deu_32:27).be profaned?Read (Isa_42:8).and I will not give my glory to another.
12 Hearken to me, O Jacob and Israel, my called;Read (Isa_41:4).I [am] he; I [am] the first, I also [am] the last.
13 My hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spread out the heavens: [when] I call to them,To obey me, and to do whatever I command them.they stand up together.
14 All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; who among them hath declared these [things]? The LORD hath lovedMeaning, Cyrus, whom he had chosen to destroy Babylon.him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.
15 I, euen I haue spoken it, and I haue called him: I haue brought him, and his way shal prosper.
16 Come ye near to me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from theSince the time that I declared myself to your fathers.beginning; from the time that it was, there [am] I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hathThus the Prophet speaks for himself, and to assure them of these things.sent me.
17 Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I [am] the LORD thy God who teacheth theeWhat things will do you good.to profit, who leadeth thee by the way [that] thou shouldest go.
18 Oh that thou haddest hearkened to my commaundements! then had thy prosperitie bene as the floude, and thy righteousnesse as the waues of the sea.
19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy body like its gravel; hisThat is, the prosperous estate of Israel.name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.
20 After he had forewarned them of their captivity and of the reason for it, he shows them the great joy that will come of their deliverance.Go ye forth from Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it [even] to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
21 And theyHe shows that it will be as easy to deliver them, as he did their fathers out of Egypt.thirsted not [when] he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he broke the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
22 [There is] noThus he speaks that the wicked hypocrites should not abuse God's promise, in whom was neither faith nor repentance, as in (Isa_57:21)peace, saith the LORD, to the wicked.