1 Now willThe prophet by this song sets before the people's eyes their ingratitude and God's mercy.I sing to myThat is, to God.wellbeloved a song of my beloved concerning his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath aMeaning that he had planted his Church in a place most plentiful and abundant.vineyard in a very fruitful hill:
2 And he dug it, and removed its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine,He spared no diligence or cost.and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress in it: and he expected that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forthIn (Isa_5:7) he declares what they were.wild grapes.
3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you,He makes them judges in their own cause, for as much as it was evident that they were the cause of their own ruin.between me and my vineyard.
4 What coulde I haue done any more to my vineyard that I haue not done vnto it? why haue I looked that it should bring foorth grapes, and it bringeth foorth wilde grapes?
5 And now come; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: II will take no more care for it: meaning, that he would take from them his word and ministers and all other comforts, and feed them contrary plagues.will take away its hedge, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall of it, and it shall be trodden down:
6 And I will laye it waste: it shall not be cut, nor digged, but briers, and thornes shall growe vp: I will also commande the cloudes that they raine no raine vpon it.
7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked forJudgment and righteousness are true fruit of the fear of God and therefore in the cruel oppression there is no religion.judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but beholdOf them who are oppressed.a cry.
8 Woe to them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there is] noThat is, for the poor to dwell in.place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
9 In myI have heard the complaint and cry of the poor.ears [said] the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, [even] great and fair, without inhabitant.
10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield oneWhich contains about 5 gallons, so that every acre would yield only half a gallon.bath, and the seed of anWhich contains 50 gallons.homer shall yield anAn ephah contains 5 gallons and is in dry things as much as a bath is in liquids.ephah.
11 Woe to them thatWho spare no pain nor diligence to follow their lusts.rise early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue untilWho are never weary of their rioting and excessive pleasures but use all means to provoke to the same.night, [till] wine inflames them!
12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not theThey do not regard the provident care of God over them, nor for what end he has created them.work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.
13 Therefore my peopleThat is, will certainly go: for so the prophets use to speak as though the thing which will come to pass were done already.have gone into captivity, because [they have]Because they would not obey the word of God.no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.
14 ThereforeMeaning, the grave will swallow up them who will die for hunger and thirst, and yet for all this great destruction it will never be satisfied.hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.
15 And man shalbe brought downe, and man shalbe humbled, euen the eyes of the proude shalbe humbled.
16 And the Lorde of hostes shalbe exalted in iudgement, and the holy God shalbe sanctified in iustice.
17 Then shallGod comforts the poor lambs of his Church, who had been strangers in other countries, promising that they would dwell in these places again, of which they had been deprived by the fat and cruel tyrants.the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.
18 Woe to them that draw iniquity withWho use all allurements, opportunities and excuses to harden their conscience in sin.cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:
19 That say,He shows what are the words of the wicked, when they are menaced by God's judgments, (2Pe_3:4).Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw near and come, that we may know [it]!
20 Woe to them that call evil good,Who are not ashamed of sin, nor care for honesty but are grown to a desperate impiety.and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!
21 Woe to [them that are]Who contemn all doctrine and admonition.wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!
22 Woe to [them that are]Who are never weary, but show their strength, and brag in gluttony and drunkenness.mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mix strong drink:
23 Which iustifie the wicked for a rewarde, and take away the righteousnesse of the righteous from him.
24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] theirBoth they and their posterity so that nothing will be left.root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
25 Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth hisHe shows that God had so sore punished this people, that the dumb creatures if they had been so plagued would have been more sensible, and therefore his plagues must continue, till they begin to seal them.hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills trembled, and their carcases [were] torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still.
26 And he will lift up an ensignHe will make the Babylonians come against them at his beck, and to fight under his standard.to the nations from afar, and will hiss to them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:
27 None shallThey will be prompt and lusty to execute God's vengeance.be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the belt of their loins be loosed, norThe enemy will have no impediment.the latchet of their shoes be broken:
28 Whose arrowes shall be sharpe, and all his bowes bent: his horse hoofes shal be thought like flint, and his wheeles like a whirlewinde.
29 Their roaring [shall be] like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shallBy which is declared the cruelty of the enemy.roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry [it] away safe, and none shall deliver [it].
30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and ifThe Jews will find no comfort.[one] looketh to the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in itsIn the land of Judah.heavens.