1 WhoThe prophet shows that very few will receive their preaching from Christ, and from their deliverance by him, (Joh_12:38; Rom_10:16).hath believed our report? and to whom is theMeaning, that no one can believe but whose hearts God touches with the virtue of his Holy Spirit.arm of the LORD revealed?
2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as aThe beginning of Christ's kingdom will be small and contemptible in the sight of man, but it will grow wonderfully and flourish before God.root out of a dryRead (Isa_11:1).ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.
3 He is despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted withWhich was by God's singular providence for the comfort of sinners, (Heb_4:15).grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carriedThat is, the punishment due to our sins, for which he has both suffered and made satisfaction, (Mat_8:17; 1Pe_2:24).our sorrows: yet we did esteem himWe judge evil, thinking that he was punished for his own sins, and not for ours.stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.
5 But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: theHe was chastised for our reconciliation, (1Co_15:3).chastisement for our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him theMeaning, the punishment of our iniquity, and not the fault itself.iniquity of us all.
7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet heBut willingly and patiently obeyed his father's appointment, (Mat_26:63; Act_8:32).opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.
8 He was taken fromFrom the cross and grave, after that he was condemned.prison and from judgment:Though he died for sin, yet after his resurrection he will live forever and this his death is to restore life to his members, (Rom_6:9).and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off from the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
9 God the Father delivered him into the hands of the wicked, and to the powers of the world to do with him what they would.And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither [was any] deceit in his mouth.
10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: whenChrist by offering up himself will give life to his Church, and so cause them to live with him forever.thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
11 He shall see of theThat is, the fruit and effect of his labour, which is the salvation of his Church.travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall myChrist will justify by faith through his word, while Moses could not justify by the law.righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
12 Therefore I will divide to him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; becauseBecause he humbled himself, therefore he will be extolled to glory, (Phi_2:7-12).he hath poured out his soul to death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bore the sinThat is, of all that believe in him.of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.