1 Who [is] this that comethThis prophecy is against the Idumeans and enemies who persecuted the Church, on whom God will take vengeance, and is here set forth all bloody after he has destroyed them in Bozrah, the chief city of the Idumeans: for these were their greatest enemies,and under the title of circumcision and the kindred of Abraham.from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?God answers them that asked this question, «Who is this?» etc. and says «You see now performed in deed the vengeance which my prophets threatened.»I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
2 Another question, to which the Lord answers.Why [art thou] red in thy apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the wine press?
3 I haue troden the wine presse alone, and of all people there was none with mee: for I will treade them in mine anger, and tread them vnder foote in my wrath, and their blood shalbe sprinkled vpon my garments, and I will staine all my raiment.
4 For the day of vengeance [is] in my heart, and theShowing that when God punishes his enemies, it is for the profit and deliverance of his Church.year of my redeemed is come.
5 And I looked, and [there was] none to help; and I wondered that [there was] none to uphold: therefore my ownGod shows that he has no need of man's help for the deliverance of his, and though men refuse to do their duty through negligence and ingratitude, yet he himself will deliver his Church, and punish the enemies, (Isa_59:16).arm brought salvation to me; and my fury, it upheld me.
6 And I will tread down the people in my anger, and make themI will so astonish them and make them so giddy that they will not know which way to go.drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
7 I willThe prophet speaks this to move the people to remember God's benefits in times past, that they may be confirmed in their troubles.mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
8 For he said, Surely they [are] myFor I chose them to be mine, that they should be holy, and not deceive my expectation.people, children [that] will not lie: so he was their Saviour.
9 In all their affliction he wasHe bore their afflictions and griefs as though they had been his own.afflicted, and the angelWhich was a witness of God's presence, and this may be referred to Christ, to whom belongs the office of salvation.of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bore them, and carried them all the days of old.
10 But they rebelled and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore was hee turned to be their enemie and he fought against them.
11 Then heThat is, the people of Israel being afflicted, called to mind God's benefits, which he had bestowed on their fathers in times past.remembered the days of old, Moses, [and] his people, [saying], Where [is] he that brought them out of the sea with theMeaning, Moses.shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his Holy Spirit withinThat is, in Moses that he might well govern the people: some refer this giving of the spirit to the people.him?
12 He led them by the right hand of Moses with his owne glorious arme, deuiding the water before them, to make himselfe an euerlasting Name.
13 That led them through the deep, as anPeaceably and gentle, as a horse is led to his pasture.horse in the wilderness, [that] they should not stumble?
14 As the beast goeth downe into the valley, the Spirite of the Lorde gaue them rest: so diddest thou leade thy people, to make thy selfe a glorious Name.
15 Having declared God's benefits showed to their forefathers, he turned himself to God by prayer, desiring him to continue the same graces toward them.Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where [is] thyYour great affection, which you bore for us.zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are theyMeaning, from the whole body of the Church.restrained?
16 Doubtless thou [art] our father, thoughThough Abraham would refuse us to be his children, yet you will not refuse to be our father.Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, [art] our father, our redeemer; thy name [is] from everlasting.
17 O LORD, why hastBy taking away the Holy Spirit from us, by whom we were governed, and so for our ingratitude delivered us up to our own concupiscence, and punished sin by sin according to your just judgment.thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thyMeaning, for the covenant's sake made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob his servants.servants' sake, the tribes of thy inheritance.
18 The people of thy holiness have possessed [it] but a littleThat is, in respect to the promise, which is perpetual: even though they had now possessed the land of Canaan for 1400 years: and thus they lament, to move God rather to remember his covenant, than to punish their sins.while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.
19 We haue bene as they, ouer whome thou neuer barest rule, and vpon whom thy Name was not called.