1 NeverthelessHe comforts the Church again after these great threatenings promising to restore them to great glory in Messiah.the dimness [shall] not [be] such as [was] in her distress,With which Israel was punished, first by Tiglath-pilesar, which was a light scourge in respect to that which they suffered afterward by Shalmaneser, who carried the Israelites away captive.when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict [her by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee ofWhile the Jews and Gentiles dwelt together by reason of those twenty cites, which Solomon gave to Hiram.the nations.
2 The people thatWhich were in captivity in Babylon and the prophets speaks of that thing which would come to pass 60 years later as though it were now done.walked in darkness have seen a greatMeaning, the comfort of their deliverance.light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath theThis captivity and deliverance were figures of our captivity by sin and of our deliverance by Christ through the preaching of the Gospel, (Mat_4:15-16).light shined.
3 Thou hastTheir number was greater when they went into captivity then when they returned but their joy was greater at their return, (Hag_2:9).multiplied the nation, [and] increased the joy: they rejoice before thee according to the joy in harvest, [and] as [men] rejoice when they divide the spoil.
4 For thou hast broken theYou gave them perfect joy by delivering them, and by destroying the tyrants, that had kept them in cruel bondage, as you delivered them by Gideon from the Midianites, (Jdg_7:21).yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.
5 For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall beHe speaks of the deliverance of his Church, which he has delivered miraculously from his enemies, but especially by the coming of Christ of whom he prophecies in the next verse.with burning [and] fuel of fire.
6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlastingThe author of eternity, and by whom the Church and every member of it will be preserved forever, and have immortal life.Father, The Prince of Peace.
7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever.His singular love and care for his elect.The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
8 The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted uponThis is another prophecy against them of Samaria who were mockers and contemners of God's promises and menaces.Israel.
9 And all the people shall knowe, euen Ephraim, and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and presumption of the heart,
10 TheWe were but weak, when the enemy overcame us, but we will make ourselves so strong, that we will neither care for our enemies, nor fear God's threatenings.bricks have fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycamores are cut down, but we will change [them into] cedars.
11 Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries ofRezin king of Syria, who was in league with Israel, was slain by the Assyrians, after whose death, Aram that is, the Syrians were against Israel, who on the other side were assailed by the Philistines.Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;
12 Aram before and the Philistims behinde, and they shall deuoure Israel with open mouth: yet for all this his wrath is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
13 For the people turneth not vnto him that smiteth them, neither doe they seeke the Lord of hostes.
14 Therefore will the Lord cut off from Israel head and taile, branche and rush in one day.
15 The ancient and the honorable man, he is the head: and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the taile.
16 For the leaders of the people cause them to erre: and they that are led by them are deuoured.
17 Therefore shall the Lord haue no pleasure in their yong men, neither will he haue compassion of their fatherlesse and of their widowes: for euery one is an hypocrite and wicked, and euery mouth speaketh follie: yet for all this his wrath is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out stil.
18 For wickednessWickedness as a bellows kindles the fire of God's wrath which consumes all his obstinate enemies.burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up [like] the rising of smoke.
19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shallThough there was no foreign enemy, yet they will destroy one another.spare his brother.
20 And he shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied: they shall eat every man theTheir greediness will be insatiable, so that one brother will eat up another, as though he should eat his own flesh.flesh of his own arm:
21 Manasseh, Ephraim: and Ephraim Manasseh, and they both shall be against Iudah yet for all this his wrath is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.