1 The worde that came to Ieremiah from the Lord, saying,
2 Heare ye the wordes of this couenant, and speake vnto the men of Iudah, and to the inhabitants of Ierusalem,
3 And say thou to them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel;He calls the Jews to the consideration of God's mercy, who freely chose them, made a covenant of eternal happiness with them and how he ever performed it on his behalf and how they ever showed themselves rebellious and ingrate toward him, and broke it on their part, and so are subject to the curse of the law, (Deu_27:26).Cursed [be] the man that obeyeth not the words of this covenant,
4 Which I commaunded vnto your fathers, when I brought them out of the lande of Egypt, from the yron fornace, saying, Obey my voyce, and doe according to all these things, which I commande you: so shall ye be my people, and I will be your God,
5 That I may perform the oath which I have sworn to your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as [it is] this day. Then answeredThus he speaks in the person of the people, who agreed to the covenant.I, and said, So be it, O LORD.
6 Then the Lord saide vnto me, Cry all these words in the cities of Iudah, and in the streetes of Ierusalem, saying, Heare yee the words of this couenant, and doe them.
7 For I earnestly protested to your fathers in the day [that] I brought them out of the land of Egypt, [even] to this day,Read (Jer_7:13).rising early and protesting, saying, Obey my voice.
8 Yet they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of theirAccording to his own fantasy, and not as my word appointed him.evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all theMeaning, the menaces and curses contained in the law, (Lev_26:14; Deu_28:16).words of this covenant, which I commanded [them] to do; but they did [them] not.
9 And the LORD said to me, AThat is, general consent to rebel against me.conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
10 They are turned backe to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to heare my wordes: and they went after other gods to serue them: thus the house of Israel, & the house of Iudah haue broken my couenant, which I made with their fathers.
11 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape; and though they shall cry to me,Because they will not pray with true faith and repentance, but for the pain and grief which they feel, (Pro_1:28).I will not hearken to them.
12 Then shall the cities of Iudah, and the inhabitants of Ierusalem goe, and crie vnto the gods vnto whome they offer incense, but they shall not bee able to helpe them in time of their trouble.
13 Read (Jer_2:28).For [according to] the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Judah; and [according to] the number of the streets of Jerusalem have ye set up altars to [that] shameful thing, [even] altars to burn incense to Baal.
14 ThereforeRead (Jer_7:16, Jer_14:11).pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear [them] in the time when they cry to me for their trouble.
15 What hath myMy people of Israel whom I have greatly loved till now.beloved to do in my house, [seeing] she hath wrought lewdness with many, and the holy fleshMeaning, that they offer not in the temple to God, but on the altars of Baal and the idols and so rejoiced in their wickedness.is passed from thee? when thou doest evil, then thou rejoicest.
16 The LORD called thy name, A green olive tree, fair, [and] of goodly fruit: with theOf the Babylonians and Chaldeans.noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.
17 For the Lorde of hostes that planted thee, hath pronounced a plague against thee, for the wickednes of the house of Israel, and of the house of Iudah, which they haue done against themselues to prouoke me to anger in offering incense vnto Baal.
18 And the LORD hath given me knowledge [of it], and I know [it]: then thou didst show meWho went about secretly to conspire my death.their doings.
19 But I [was] like a lamb [or] an ox [that] is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised plots against me, [saying], Let usLet us destroy the prophet and his doctrine. Some read «Let us corrupt his meat with wood», meaning poison.destroy the tree with its fruit, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.
20 But, O LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest the reins and the heart, let me see thyThus he spoke not out of hatred, but being moved with the Spirit of God, he desires the advancement of God's glory, and the verifying of his word, which is by the destruction of his enemies.vengeance on them: for to thee have I revealed my cause.
21 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the men ofThat is, both the priests and the rest of the people: for this town was the priests, and they dwelt in it, (Jer_1:1).Anathoth, that seek thy life, saying,Not that they could not abide to hear God named; (for in this they would show themselves most holy) but because they could not abide to be sharply reproved, and therefore desired to be flattered (Isa_30:10), to be maintained in their pleasures (Mic_2:11) and not to hear vice condemned (Amo_7:12).Prophesy not in the name of the LORD, that thou die not by our hand:
22 Thus therefore sayth the Lorde of hostes, Beholde, I will visite them: the yong men shall die by the sword: their sonnes and their daughters shall die by famine,
23 And none of them shall remaine: for I will bring a plague vpon the men of Anathoth, euen the yeere of their visitation.