1 Moreouer, the woorde of the Lord came vnto me, saying,
2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, theAccording to that grace and favour which I showed you from the beginning, when I first chose you to be my people, and married you to myself, (Eze_16:8).kindness of thy youth, the love of thy espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness,When I had delivered you out of Egypt.in a land [that was] not sown.
3 Israel [was]Chosen above all others to serve the Lord only and the first offered to the Lord of all other nations.holiness to the LORD, [and] the firstfruits of his increase: allWhoever challenged this people, or else annoyed them, was punished.that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
4 Heare ye the word of the Lord, O house of Iaakob, and all the families of the house of Israel.
5 Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they have goneThat is, fallen to vile idolatry.far from me, and have walked after vanity, and have becomeAltogether given to vanity, and are become blind and insensible as the idols that they serve.vain?
6 Neither said they, Where [is] the LORD that brought us out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and ofWhere for lack of all things needed for life, you could look for nothing every hour but present death.the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit of it and the goodness of it but when ye entered, ye defiledBy your idolatry and wicked manners, (Psa_78:58, Psa_106:38).my land, and made my heritage an abomination.
8 The priests said not,They did not teach the people to seek after God.Where [is] the LORD? and they that handle theAs the scribes, who would have expounded the law to the people.law knew me not: theMeaning, the princes and ministers: signifying, that all estates were corrupt.rulers also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied byThat is, spoke vain things, and brought the people from the true worship of God to serve idols: for by Baal, which was the chief idol of the Moabites, are meant all idols.Baal, and walked after [things that] do not profit.
9 Wherefore I will yetSignifying that he would not as he might, straightway condemn them, but shows them by evident examples their great ingratitude that they might be ashamed and repent.plead with you, saith the LORD, and with your children's children will I plead.
10 For pass over the isles ofMeaning, the Grecians and Italians.Chittim, and see; and send toTo Arabia.Kedar, and consider diligently, and see if there is such a thing.
11 Hath a nation changed [their] gods, which [are] yet no gods? but my people have changed theirThat is, God who is their glory, and who makes them glorious above all other people, reproving the Jews that they were less diligent to serve the true God, than were the idolaters to honour their vanities.glory for [that which] doth notMeaning the idols who were their destruction, (Psa_106:36).profit.
12 Be astonished, O yeHe shows that the insensible creatures abhor this vile ingratitude, and as it were tremble for fear of God's great judgments against the same.heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.
13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken meSignifying that when men forsake God's word, which is the fountain of life, they reject God himself, and so fall to their own inventions, and vain confidence, and procure to themselves destruction, (Jon_2:8; Zec_10:2).the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed out for themselves cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
14 [Is] Israel aHave I ordered them like servants and not like dearly beloved children? (Exo_4:22) therefore it is their fault only, if the enemy spoil them.servant? [is] he a homeborn [slave]? why is he laid waste?
15 The youngThe Babylonians, Chaldeans, and Assyrians.lions roared upon him, [and] yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned withoutNot one will be left to dwell there.inhabitant.
16 Also the children ofThat is, the Egyptians, for these were two great cities in Egypt.Noph and Tahapanes haveHave grievously vexed you at various times.broken the crown of thy head.
17 Hast thou not procured this to thyself, in that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, when heShowing that God would have still led them correctly, if they would have followed him.led thee by the way?
18 And now what hast thou to do in the way ofTo seek help from man, as though God was not able enough to defend you, which is to drink from the puddles and to leave the fountain, (Isa_31:1).Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of theThat is, Euphrates.river?
19 Thy own wickedness shallMeaning, that the wicked are insensible, till the punishment for their sin waken them as in (Jer_2:26; Isa_3:9).correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that [it is] an evil [thing] and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that my fear [is] not in thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
20 For of old time I have broken thy yoke, [and] burst thy bands; and thou saidst,When I delivered you out of Egypt, (Exo_19:8; Deu_5:27; Jos_24:16; Ezr_10:12; Heb_8:6).I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
21 Yet I had planted thee, a noble vine, whose plants were all natural: howe then art thou turned vnto me into the plants of a strange vine?
22 For though thou shalt wash thee withThough you use all the purifications and ceremonies of the law, you cannot escape punishment.lye, and take thee much soap, [yet] thy iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord GOD.
23 How canst thou say, I am not polluted, I have notMeaning that hypocrites deny that they worship the idols, but that they honour God in them, and therefore they call their doings God's service.gone after Baalim? see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: [thou art] a swiftHe compares the idolaters to these beasts, because they never cease running to and fro: for both valleys and hills are full of their idolatry.dromedary traversing her ways;
24 A wildHe compares the idolaters to a wild ass: for she can never be tamed nor yet wearied: for as she runs she can take her wind at every opportunity.donkey used to the wilderness, [that] snuffeth up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not weary themselves; in herThat is, when she is with foal, and therefore the hunters wait their time: so though you cannot be turned back now from your idolatry, yet when your iniquity will be at the fall, God will meet with you.month they shall find her.
25 Withhold thy foot fromBy this he warns them that they should not go into strange countries to seek help: for they should but spend their labour, and hurt themselves, which is here meant by the bare foot and thirst, (Isa_57:10).being unshod, and thy throat from thirst: but thou saidst, There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go.
26 As theAs a thief will not acknowledge his fault, till he is taken with the deed, and ready to be punished, so they will not confess their idolatry, till the plagues due to the same light on them.thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets,
27 Saying to a tree, Thou [art] myMeaning, that idolaters rob God of his honour: and where as he has taught to call him the father of all flesh, they attribute this title to their idols.father; and to a stone, Thou hast brought me forth: for they have turned [their] back to me, and not [their] face: but in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us.
28 But where [are] thy gods that thou hast made for thyself? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for [accordingYou thought that your gods of blocks and stones could have helped you, because they were many in number and present in every place: but now let us see whether either the multitude or their presence can deliver you from my plague, (Jer_11:13).to] the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
29 Why willAs though I did you injury in punishing you, seeing that your faults are so evident.ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.
30 In vain have I smitten your children; they have received no correction: yourThat is, you have killed your prophets, that exhorted you to repentance, as Zechariah, Isaiah, etc.own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been aHave I not given them abundance of all things?wilderness to Israel? a land of darkness? why say my people, We are lords;But will trust in our own power and policy.we will come no more to thee?
32 Can a maid forget her ornament, or a bride her attire? yet my people haue forgotten me, daies without number.
33 Why trimmest thou thy way toWith strangers.seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.
34 Also in thyThe prophets and the faithful are slain in every corner of your country.skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these.
35 Yet thou saiest, Because I am giltles, surely his wrath shall turne from mee: beholde, I will enter with thee into iudgement, because thou saiest, I haue not sinned.
36 Why dost thou go about so much to change thy way? thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt,For the Assyrians had taken away the ten tribes out of Israel and destroyed Judah even to Jerusalem: and the Egyptians slew Josiah, and vexed the Jews in various ways.as thou wast ashamed of Assyria.
37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thy hands uponIn sign of lamentation, as in (2Sa_13:19).thy head: for the LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in them.