1 AndChrist shows against the superstitious, who dwell on every trifling matter, that the law of the very sabbath was not given to be kept without exception: much less that the salvation of man should consist in the outward keeping of it.it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciplesEpiphanius notes well in his treatise, where he refutes Ebion, that the time when the disciples plucked the ears of the corn was in the feast of unleavened bread. Now, in those feasts which were kept over a period of many days, as the feast of tabernacles and passover, their first day and the last were very solemn; see (Lev. 23:1-44). Luke then fitly calls the last day the second sabbath, though Theophylact understands it to be any of the sabbaths that followed the first.plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing [them] in [their] hands.
2 And certaine of the Pharises sayde vnto them, Why doe ye that which is not lawfull to doe on the Sabbath dayes?
3 Then Iesus answered them, and said, Haue ye not read this, that Dauid did when he himselfe was an hungred, and they which were with him,
4 Howe he went into the house of God, and tooke, and ate the shewbread, and gaue also to them which were with him, which was not lawful to eate, but for the Priests onely?
5 And he sayd vnto them, The Sonne of man is Lord also of the Sabbath day.
6 Charity is the rule of all ceremonies.And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
7 And the Scribes & Pharises watched him, whether he would heale on the Sabbath day, that they might finde an accusation against him.
8 But he knew their thoughts, and sayd to the man which had the withered hand, Arise, and stand vp in the middes; hee arose, and stoode vp.
9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or toWhoever does not help his neighbour when he can, he kills him.destroy [it]?
10 And he behelde them all in compasse, and sayd vnto the man, Stretch forth thine hand; he did so, and his hand was restored againe, as whole as the other.
11 Then they were filled full of madnes, and communed one with another, what they might doe to Iesus.
12 In using earnest and long prayer in choosing twelve of his own company to the office of the apostleship, Christ shows how religiously we ought to behave ourselves in the choice of ecclesiastical persons.And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
13 And when it was day, he called his disciples, and of them he chose twelue which also he called Apostles.
14 (Simon whome he named also Peter, and Andrewe his brother, Iames and Iohn, Philippe and Bartlemewe:
15 Matthewe and Thomas: Iames the sonne of Alpheus, and Simon called Zelous,
16 Iudas Iames brother, and Iudas Iscariot, which also was the traitour.)
17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from theFrom all the sea coast, which is called Syrophoenecia.sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;
18 And they that were vexed with foule spirits, and they were healed.
19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went vertue out of him, and healed them all.
20 Christ teaches against all philosophers, and especially the Epicureans, that the greatest happiness of man is laid up in no place here on earth, but in heaven, and that persecution for righteousness' sake is the right way to achieve it.And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed [be ye] poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 Blessed are ye that hunger nowe: for ye shalbe satisfied: blessed are ye that weepe now: for ye shall laugh.
22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shallCast you out of their synagogues, as John expounds in (Joh_16:2), which is the severest punishment the Church has, if the elders judge rightfully, and by the word of God.separate you [from their company], and shall reproach [you], and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
23 Rejoice ye in that day, andLeap for exceeding joy, as cattle do who are spurred on by food.leap for joy: for, behold, your reward [is] great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye haveThat is, you reap now of your riches all the convenience and blessing you are ever likely to have, and therefore you have no other reward to look for; (Mat_6:2).received your consolation.
25 Wo be to you that are full: for ye shall hunger. Wo be to you that now laugh: for ye shal wayle and weepe.
26 Wo be to you when all men speake well of you: for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
27 Christian charity, which is very different from worldly charity, not only does not revenge injuries, but is even extended to our most grievous enemies, and that for our Father's sake who is in heaven: in well doing it is not at all seeking its own.But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,
28 Blesse them that curse you, and pray for them which hurt you.
29 And vnto him that smiteth thee on ye one cheeke, offer also the other: and him that taketh away thy cloke, forbid not to take thy coate also.
30 Giue to euery man that asketh of thee: and of him that taketh away the things that be thine, aske them not againe.
31 And as ye would that men should doe to you, so doe ye to them likewise.
32 For if ye love them which love you,What is there in this your work that is to be accounted of? For if you look to have reward by loving, seek those rewards which are indeed rewards: love your enemies, and so will you show to the world that you look for those rewards which come from God.what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.
33 And if ye do good for them which do good for you, what thanke shall ye haue? for euen the sinners doe the same.
34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receiue, what thanke shall yee haue? for euen the sinners lend to sinners, to receiue the like.
35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend,When you will lend, do it only to benefit and please with it, and not with the hope of receiving the principal again.hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
36 Be ye therefore mercifull, as your Father also is mercifull.
37 Brotherly judgments must not proceed from curiosity nor rudeness nor malice, but they must be just, moderate and loving.Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned:He does not speak here of civil judgments, and therefore by the word «forgive» is meant that good nature which the Christians use in patiently suffering and pardoning wrongs.forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure,These are borrowed types of sayings, taken from those who used to measure dry things, as corn and such things, who do it in a rather forceful manner, and thrust it down and shake it together, and press it and put it into a pile.pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
39 Unskillful reprehenders hurt both themselves and others: for as the teacher is, so is the student.And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?
40 The disciple is not aboue his master: but whosoeuer will be a perfect disciple, shall bee as his master.
41 Hypocrites who are very severe reprehenders of others are very quick to spitefully spot other men's faults, but very blind to see their own.And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?
42 Either howe canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou seest not the beame that is in thine owne eye? Hypocrite, cast out the beame out of thine owne eye first, and then shalt thou see, perfectly to pull out the mote that is in thy brothers eye.
43 Skill in reprehending others does not make a good man, but rather he that proves his uprightness both in word and deed.For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
44 For euery tree is knowen by his owne fruite: for neither of thornes gather men figges, nor of bushes gather they grapes.
45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth foorth good, and an euill man out of the euill treasure of his heart bringeth foorth euill: for of the aboundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
46 But why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things that I speake?
47 Affliction at length discerns true godliness from false and feigned godliness.Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:
48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deepe, and layde the fundation on a rocke: and when the waters arose, the flood beat vpon that house, and coulde not shake it: for it was grounded vpon a rocke.
49 But hee that heareth and doeth not, is like a man that built an house vpon the earth without foundation, against which the flood did beate, and it fell by and by: and the fall of that house was great.