1 «To the chief Musician uponThis was a certain tune of an instrument.Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song ofOf that perfect love that ought to be between the husband and the wife.loves.» My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready writer.
2 Thou artSolomon's beauty and eloquence to win favour with his people, and his power to overcome his enemies, is here described.fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
3 Gird thy sword vpon thy thigh, O most mightie, to wit, thy worship and thy glory,
4 And in thy majestyHe alludes to them, who ride in chariots in their triumphs, showing that the quiet state of a kingdom stands in truth, meekness and justice, and not in worldly pomp and vanity.ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
5 Thine arrowes are sharpe to pearce the heart of the Kings enemies: therefore the people shall fall vnder thee.
6 ThyUnder this figure of this kingdom of justice is set forth the everlasting kingdom of Christ.throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.
7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hathHas established your kingdom as the figure of Christ, which is the peace and joy of the Church.anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
8 All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces,In which the people made you joyful to see them give thanks and rejoice for you.whereby they have made thee glad.
9 Kings' daughters [were] among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand theThough he had many king's daughters among his wives, yet he found Pharaoh's daughter best.queen in gold of Ophir.
10 Under the figure of Pharaoh's daughter, he shows that the Church must cast off all carnal affections to obey Christ only.Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
11 So shal the King haue pleasure in thy beautie: for he is thy Lord, and reuerence thou him.
12 And theHe signifies that many of those who are rich will be benefactors to the Church, although they do not give perfect obedience to the Gospel.daughter of Tyre [shall be there] with a gift; [even] the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
13 The king's daughter [is] all gloriousThere is nothing feigned or hypocritical but she is glorious both within and without: and even though the Church has not always had this outward glory, the fault is to be imputed only to their own ingratitude.within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold.
14 She shalbe brought vnto the King in raiment of needle worke: the virgins that follow after her, and her companions shall be brought vnto thee.
15 With ioy & gladnes shall they be brought, and shall enter into the Kings palace.
16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thyThey will have greater graces than their fathers.children, whom thou mayest make princesHe signifies the great compass of Christ's kingdom, which will be sufficient to enrich all his members.in all the earth.
17 I will make thyThis must only be referred to Christ and not to Solomon.name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.